Have you ever felt like vomiting after you have eaten your meal? If so, there is a serious case that you should seek a consultation with a specialist. The usual cause of acid reflux is when there is a burning pain that is usually felt internally at the chest area specifically at the lower portion. Acid reflux is also known as Gastroesophageal reflux disease, or its initials know it as GERD. If you are experiencing a backflow of food from your stomach twice a week, then that means that you have to seek medication from a doctor.
What are the causes of an acid reflux?
Occasionally, you might be experiencing a kind of reflux wherein it is like you want to vomit what you have just eaten or drank. If there is a recurrence, this calls for a serious case, and there are a lot of risk factors why there is an occurrence. This type of disease is seen in all ages and sometimes its main cause is idiopathic which means it has to be resolved first before diagnosing. Its attribution can be caused by the lifestyle that you are living. If you happen to be pregnant, this usually occurs because your HCG levels are increased especially during at the first trimester.
What are its signs and symptoms
Heartburn – this is a kind of discomfort that can be felt straight through the esophagus and behind the breast bone area. The feeling is more like a burning sensation and has an aftertaste of the food that you ought to vomit as well; it is like tasting the acid from the stomach upwards passing through the esophagus.
Other symptoms includes the following
- Persistent, dry cough
- Nausea and vomiting
- Recurrent pneumonia
- Asthma attack
- There is difficulty in swallowing
- More throat problems such as laryngitis, hoarseness of voice, and soreness
- Dental erosion caused by the acid
- Upper abdominal pain
- Bad breath
What are tests done before diagnosing?
Endoscopy – biopsy is taken to check the causes of GERD. Its use is to take sample tissues for analysis in the laboratory.
The use of barium X- ray- since there are pain and difficulty upon swallowing, this type of test is provided to see if there are any obstruction that’s been caused by GERD
Treatment and prevention
Medical treatment that is provided for people who are suffering from GERD is the classification of pump inhibitors. Its mode of action is simply to decrease the formation of acid and reduction of any potential damage that has been caused by an acid reflux. The use of proton pump inhibitors are mostly safe and are effective as well to relieve any signs and symptoms of GERD.
What are its other options
When treating for GERD, it is important that you also have other options that will guide you through regarding treatment, medication, and laboratories. If however, there is persistence, this would mean that your doctor would advise you to go for surgery to make sure that the disease it is going to be cured.